Section 9: Job Safety Analysis Program

9.1      Job Safety Analysis – General

A.     Preventing workplace injuries is the principal purpose of this program. This program shall provide a basis for
         identifying existing or potential job hazards (both safety and health), determining personal protective equipment
         (PPE) requirements and establishing the best means to perform the job to reduce or eliminate these hazards.

  1. Piedmont Virginia Community College shall review and update this policy as appropriate. 
  2. This program shall be maintained by the facilities manager

9.2     High-Risk Jobs & Programs

A.     The following have been identified as High-Risk Jobs:

  1. Maintenance Mechanic.
  2. Ground Maintenance.

B.     The following have been identified as High-Risk Instructional Programs:

  1. Building Trades
  2. Construction Management
  3. Welding  
  4. Woodworking

9.3      Training

A.     The purpose of the training program is to ensure that employees and students are sufficiently informed about the
         hazards to which they may be exposed and thus be able to participate actively in their protection.

B.     The training program shall include a means for adequately evaluating its effectiveness.  This shall be achieved by
         using combinations of the following:

  1. Surveys.
  2. Injury and illness statistics.
  3. Observation of work practices.

C.     Training for employees and students shall consist of both general and specific job training as follows:

Employees shall be given formal training regarding the hazards associated with their jobs and with their equipment. This training shall include information on the varieties of hazards associated with the job, the risk factors causing or contributing to them, and the means of recognizing and reporting suspected hazards.

  1. Students shall be given training regarding the hazards associated with their classes and/or their equipment. This training shall include information on recognizing and reporting suspected hazards.

    a. Training shall be conducted at the beginning of each semester.
  2. New employees shall receive hands-on training before being placed on a job. This training program shall include, without limitation,  the following:

    a. Care, use, and handling techniques of tools.

    b. Use of special tools and devices associated with work stations.

    c. Use of appropriate guards and safety equipment, including PPE.

    d. Use of proper lifting techniques and devices.

 D.     Maintenance personnel shall be trained in the prevention and correction of job hazards through job and work station design and proper maintenance, both in general and as applied to the specific conditions of the facility.

  1. Employee training shall include instruction and, where necessary, hands-on training in the following:

                                 a. A description and identification of the hazards associated with particular jobs, tasks, machines, and           

   b. Specific safeguards; including how the safeguards provide protection and the hazards for which they are intended.

   c. The proper use of safety devices.

   d. The proper installation, operation, and removal of safety devices.

   e. Procedures to follow if the device is damaged, missing, or unable to provide adequate protection.

   f. Recognition of applicable hazards associated with guarding devices.

   g. Procedures for removal of a guard from service.

   h. Personal protective equipment requirements.

E.     Refresher training as required to reestablish employee proficiency and introduce new or revised safe work practices, methods, procedures, and use of PPE shall be provided as appropriate.

F.     PVCC shall certify that training/retraining of employees and students has been accomplished and is being kept up to date. The certification shall contain each employee's or student’s name and dates of training.

9.4      Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

A.     Where work practices and engineering controls do not eliminate all job hazards, employees shall wear appropriate
         personal protective equipment (PPE).

B.     PPE includes, without limitation, items such as caps, hair nets, face shields, safety goggles, glasses, hearing
         protection, and gloves. 

  1. PPE shall be appropriate for the particular hazard.
  2. PPE shall be maintained in good condition.
  3. PPE shall be properly stored when not in use, to prevent damage or loss.
  4. PPE shall be kept clean, fully functional, and sanitary.

C.     PPE can present additional safety hazards if not used properly.  Supervisors and instructors shall ensure that
        employees and students wear appropriate clothing and that PPE is worn so as not to create additional hazards.

9.5      Tool Selection, Evaluation & Condition

A.     The greatest hazards posed by tools generally result from misuse and/or improper maintenance. Employees shall
         verify the following when selecting tools:

  1. The tool is correct for the type of work to be performed.
  2. Guards are installed properly and in good condition.
  3. Grounding methods are sufficient when working in wet conditions.
  4. Potential for injury or damage when using tools that create sparks or heat has been considered when working around flammable substances.
  5. Impact tools such as chisels, wedges, or drift pins do not have mushroomed heads that can shatter on impact.
  6. Wooden handles are not loose or splintered which can result in the heads of tools flying off.
  7. Cutting tools are sharp.
  8. The tool is being used on the proper working surface.
  9. There is sufficient clearance for tools requiring swinging motions such as hammers, axes, picks, etc.

9.6      Hazard Prevention & Control

      Engineering solutions, where feasible, are the preferred method of control for workplace hazards; therefore, whenever possible, hazards shall be eliminated by redesigning the work station, work methods, or tools to reduce the hazards associated with the demands of the job. The use of PPE shall be the last choice.

9.7      Notification of Employees & Students

       Affected employees and students shall be notified when they are placed in jobs or programs where it is known or suspected that unresolved job hazards exist.  These jobs and programs are listed in 9.2 above.

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